We often listen to people around us who say that the stomach is not good, stomach pain, acid reflux in the stomach, liver pain, belching, diarrhea, etc. Some people do not understand the specific organs, and all abdominal discomfort is referred to as stomach pain. In fact, the organs of the stomach, liver, gallbladder, and intestine are classified into the digestive system in the medical function. The digestive system bears the functions of the human body's nutrient intake, digestion of food, absorption of nutrients, excretion of waste, etc., and also has certain immune functions. Therefore, the role of the digestive system in the human body is very important, including organs such as the mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, stomach, small intestine, and large intestine. Therefore, when there is discomfort in the abdomen, indicating that the digestive system is suffering from lesions, what are the symptoms?
Nausea and vomiting
Both can occur separately or simultaneously. Most people will have a feeling of nausea first, and then start to vomit. There are many reasons for nausea. Among them, the digestive system is caused by a gastritis caused by gastritis and peptic ulcer, 2 acute inflammation of the liver, gallbladder, pancreas and abdomen, and 3 cases of gastrointestinal dysfunction.
The time, frequency, and nature of vomiting should vary according to the condition. Common ones are:
1. When the upper digestive tract appears, the vomit is brown or even bright red.
2. Peptic ulcer complicated by pyloric obstruction is vomiting occurs after meals, vomiting is large, vomit is a clear sour taste and fermented food.
3. Low intestinal obstruction vomit with fecal odor.
4. Acute pancreatitis will occur frequent vomiting, the degree is severe, vomit is the stomach contents or bile.
Abdominal pain is the most common condition, and there are pains such as dull pain, dull pain, burning pain, pain, knife-like pain, and colic. There are intermittent and persistent episodes. Therefore, in clinical practice, abdominal pain will be divided according to the length of the disease and the onset of illness. Divided into acute abdominal pain and chronic abdominal pain.
Most of the acute abdominal pain has acute inflammation, torsion, or rupture of the abdominal organs, obstruction, dilatation of the hollow organs, and obstruction of blood vessels in the abdominal cavity.
Common causes of chronic abdominal pain are chronic inflammation of the abdominal organs, increased tension of the capsule on the organs, peptic ulcer, gastrointestinal neurological dysfunction, tumor compression or infiltration.
Diarrhea is caused by intestinal diseases, or by drugs, systemic diseases, allergies, and psychological factors. The mechanism that occurs is hyperactivity of bowel movements, increased intestinal secretion or malabsorption. Small intestine diarrhea feces are confusing or watery and can contain undigested food ingredients. The feces of large intestine diarrhea can contain pus and mucus. If the lesion involves the rectal patient, there will be a heavy reaction.
Hard to swallow
This symptom is a process in which the solid or liquid that enters only when fed from the oral cavity to the stomach is subjected to resistance, thereby causing an irritating sensation or a feeling of stagnation after the pharynx, the sternum. This condition is divided into two types: oropharyngeal dysphagia and esophageal dysphagia. More common in the pharynx, esophagus and esophagus hundreds of, such as pharyngeal abscess, esophageal cancer, gastroesophageal reflux disease.
Hernia is mainly caused by the gas in the digestive tract (mainly from the esophagus and stomach). The gas makes a special sound through the pharynx, sometimes with a special smell. It is what we commonly call the fullness. This condition suggests that there is more gas in the stomach, which is related to eating too fast, drinking carbonated drinks or alcohol. It is also associated with diseases of the digestive system, such as gastroesophageal reflux disease, esophageal hiatal hernia, chronic gastritis, peptic ulcer and the like.
Acid reflux refers to the reflux of acidic stomach contents to the oral cavity, accompanied by post-sternal pain, swallowing pain, and no symptoms of nausea or retching. Due to more gastric acid, more symptoms are more common in esophageal sphincter dysfunction or abnormal esophageal motility, gastroesophageal reflux disease, peptic ulcer.
Burning or burning heart
This symptom is a burning sensation behind the sternum or under the xiphoid process, accompanied by acid reflux. Common in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease and peptic ulcer, can also occur with acute myocardial infarction.
Loss of appetite
This symptom is common in digestive system tumors, chronic gastritis, hepatitis and the like. It can also be found in other system diseases such as severe infection, tuberculosis, uremia and the like.
Common in gastrointestinal disorders, intra-abdominal hard masses, gastrointestinal obstruction, can be caused by hypokalemia.
Constipation means less bowel movements and less than 2-3 bowel movements a week. It may be related to eating too little, lacking dietary fiber in food, and too little water intake. In addition, constipation is common in systemic diseases, physical weakness, poor bowel habits, and functional constipation.
Astragalus refers to the increase in serum bilirubin, resulting in yellowing of the skin, mucous membranes and sclera. Often divided into hepatic jaundice, cholestatic jaundice and hemolytic jaundice. Among them, hepatic jaundice and cholestatic jaundice are common in digestive tract diseases such as hepatitis, cirrhosis, egg knife obstruction and the like.
Hematemesis and black stool
Hematemesis and melena are seen in digestive tract diseases or systemic diseases. Common causes are digestive tract diseases: peptic ulcer, acute and chronic erosion hemorrhagic gastritis, esophageal varices, gastric cancer. The color and nature of hematemesis and black stools are the same as the amount of bleeding. Hematemesis into a bright red or blood clot indicates that the amount of bleeding is large and fast, and dark red indicates that the blood stays longer in the stomach. Because of the upper gastrointestinal bleeding, there must be black stools, so the gastrointestinal bleeding of patients with gastrointestinal bleeding is tar-like black stool, sticky texture, black hair bright. The stool is dark red or bright red, considering the lower digestive tract lesions.